Regulations on fracking are different across the country, and the chemicals used in the process vary from operation to operation. California demanded that chemicals be disclosed to the public, giving us a small glimpse into the potential hazards of the process. So, what are these chemicals and what do they do?
Benzene: Benzene is a naturally occurring chemical that has been used as an industrial solvent, additive to gasoline, and is commonly found in cigarette smoke. According to Cancer.org, in high concentrations, it can cause dizziness, vomiting, upset stomach, and seizures. Benzene is also a known carcinogen and has been linked to leukemia.
Lead: In high concentrations, lead causes a number of health problems. It causes high blood pressure, memory problems, joint pain, and can cause mental impairment in children. (See healthline.com for more information). Lead builds up in your body and, over time, can cause severe complications requiring hospitalization.
Arsenic: Commonly used in industrial applications, arsenic is highly toxic. Immediate exposure to high volumes of arsenic can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain. When an individual is exposed to high levels over a long period of time, it can lead to hyperkeratosis (the hardening of skin on the palms and feet) and may also lead to diabetes and heart disease.
Chromium 6: Chromium-6 is commonly used in manufacturing processes as well as fracking fluid. It is known to cause stomach cancer and has been on the list of carcinogenic chemicals in California for years.
Other Chemicals: The list of chemicals used in fracking fluid is quite extensive and many have yet to be studied in relation to potential health problems they may cause. Chances are, they could be damaging to your health if you are exposed to them over a long period of time.
When California initiated the testing regulations, they discovered that a number of fracking companies were disposing of wastewater in unauthorized wells and storing the wastewater in unlined storage ponds. Many of these wells were located close to farms and residences and while there was no evidence that the drinking water had been contaminated, it caused concern and the state took action.
While there’s no denying that most industrial processes use harmful chemicals, there is an easy way to mitigate potential groundwater contamination: using an above ground water tank at a fracking site. Above ground tanks are completely self-contained and, when properly installed, prevent spilling and leaks.
Using an above ground tank from Well Water Solutions and Rentals will help prevent potential contamination at fracking sites across the southwest. Our systems are fully installed in as little as 4 hours by our setup crew. Our design plans will help you maximize your space. We also offer water management and treatment services and are happy to partner with you in proper disposal and treatment of your wastewater.
Considering an above ground tank for your fracking site? Contact the experts at Well Water Solutions for a free estimate. And if you’re a first time customer, let us know!